Best Programming Languages
Programming Languages

Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2021

Description

Thinking of starting a career in Software Development or Want to switch your career from one Programming language to another one?

In both cases, you might be searching for programming languages that are in demand and beneficial to learn. You want to make the right choice because you are going to invest effort, time, and yes money too.

While choosing the right programming language to learn, few factors are important to consider:-

1. Which programming language suits your level of experience(e.g. Fresher, 2 years of exp, etc).

2. The difficulty level of programming language.

3. Reasons for learning a programming language. Example:- The learning interest of a School student, College Student, Web Developer, and Android Developer can be different.

4. Time duration that is required to learn the programming language.

Below is the list of Programming languages, it's uses, difficulty level, industry demand and much more information for you , so that you can easily select according to your learning requirement.

Best Programming Languages to Learn in 2021

1. Java

Java is most talk about programming language. According to GitHub Java is one of the most popular programming language in use with a community of more than 9 million developers.Java is class based,Object oriented and platform independent(Write Once Run Anywhere).

Java is created with these below mentioned goals in mind:

1. Simple, object-oriented, and familiar.

2. Robust and secure in nature.

3. Architecture-neutral and portable and platform independent .

4. High performance execution.

5. It must be interpreted, threaded, and dynamic.

6. Automatic memory management

Java is mostly used in web development and Android development. Lots of tutorial and help is available for java.Spring ,Struts ,Hibernate, JSP ,Servlet are some popular java frameworks.Java is used for many big giants companies like Google, Amazon, etc..

With these qualities learning Java development is most sought-after career among Software Developers. On an average, a fresher can earn somewhere around 4-5 lakh C.T.C per annum in INDIA.

Syntax for a simple java program:-

public class myfirsthelloinjava {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.println("Hello World!"); // Prints the string to the console.
    }

Owned By

Oracle Corp.

Who can learn java?

Freshers, Experienced Software developers, Students of class XI and XII

Java Used in

Web Development, Android development, Desktop Applications

Difficulty level

Low - High

Industry Demand

High

Help Available

Yes

Prerequisites

1.Computer knowledge,

2.Willing to learn programming language,

3.Analytical skill

Pros

1.Highly used

2.Platform Independent

3.Secure

4.Automatic memory management

5.Object oriented

Cons

1.Not having much Api for AI and machine learning

2.Confusion among users Oracle’s new release model for Java

Recommendation

Highly Recommended

2.Python

Python is most popular language for learning Artificial language, Deep Learning, and Machine learning development. It provides a handful of APIs for machine learning development. Python is designed to handle big data.

Python is general purpose, high level, and interpreted language. Python is dynamically typed and garbage collected.

It uses whitespace for indentation of loops and statements instead of curly braces in other languages like C++ and java. Like java and c++ python is also an object-oriented language

Syntax for a hello world program in python

print('Hello, world!')

It is notable that python is having less line of code than java, due to its dynamic typed nature also there is no semicolon to end the line in python. Due to the increased demand of developers in Deep Learning and Machine Learning Python ranked among one of the top programming languages.

Owned By

Python Software Foundation License(PSFL).

Who can learn Python?

Freshers, Experienced Software developers, Students of class XI and XII

Python used in

Web Development, Deep Learning, Machine Learning

Difficulty level

Low - High

Industry Demand

High

Help Available

Yes

Prerequisites

1.Computer knowledge,

2.Willing to learn a programming language,

3.Analytical skill

4.Mathematics Knowledge

Pros

1.Highly used in Deep Learning, Machine Learning

2.Platform Independent

3.Secure

4.Automatic memory management and garbage collected

5.Object oriented

Cons

Not used much in web development as it is more suitable for data analysis

Recommendation

Highly Recommended

3. Kotlin

Kotlin is a cross-platform,statically typed,general-purpose programming language with type inference.Kotlin is fully interoperable with java and mostly used to develop Android apps.

Google mentioned clearly that kotlin programming language is its preferred language over Java for Android app developers.

According to kotlin development lead Andrey Breslav:

Kotlin is designed in a way to be an industrial-strength object-oriented language, and more optimized than Java, but still be fully interoperable with Java code, allowing companies to make a gradual migration from Java to Kotlin.

Owned By

JetBrains

Who can learn Kotlin?

Experienced Software developers, Not suitable for freshers and school students as programming language knowledge is required

Kotlin used in

Android Development, Web Development

Difficulty level

Medium - High

Industry Demand

High (Due to its preference for Android apps)

Help Available

Yes

Prerequisites

1.Computer knowledge,

2.Willing to learn a programming language,

3.Analytical skill

4.Mathematics Knowledge

Pros

1.Used in Android development

2.Platform Independent

3.Object oriented

Cons

Not used much in web development as it is more suitable for Android development

Recommendation

Highly Recommended

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